prostate cancer

Black men have double the risk for prostate cancer, study finds

Black men living in England are twice as likely as being diagnosed with and dying as a result of prostate cancer in compared to white men, researchers from Public Health England and Prostate Cancer UK report in the Thursday’s edition of the journal BMC Medicine. Similarly, lead author Alison Cooper and her colleagues report that Asian men are approximately half as likely as white men to develop or die as a result of prostate cancer....

armadillo leprosy

If you don’t want leprosy, stay away from armadillos

Leprosy, though usually associated with the ancient world, is still a prevalent disease today, especially in the United States. But Florida has reached a high of nine causes so far in 2015, leading researchers to wonder how exactly the disease is spreading. Leprosy—also known as Hansen’s Disease—currently affects around 6,500 U.S. residents, and it takes years to correctly diagnose and treat. However, despite this high number, about 95% of the human population is not susceptible...

Kindergarten children eating lunch

Schools are starting to offer healthier lunches

University of Michigan researchers found that many middle and high schools following the National School Lunch Program are starting to serve much healthier lunches than they did in the past. According to ScienceDaily, NSLP is a “federally assisted meal program in which students in participating schools can receive a nutritious lunch every school day.” This program was made to “provide adequate nutrition to low-income children” since the meals are free or at a reduced price. For...

boy girl spines

Spines of boys and girls differ at birth

Examining measurements of vertebrae in newborn children, researchers at the Children’s Hospital Los Angeles found there are notable differences between the sexes present at birth. The results of the study, which is published in its entirety in the August issue of the Journal of Pediatrics, suggest that the differences in the spinal composition of males and females are evolutionary, allowing the female spine to adapt to carrying a fetus. Using MRI imaging, the researchers found...

placebo effect

Placebo effect still works even if subject knows it’s fake

The placebo effect was first tested in a single-blind trial in the 18th century, but despite hundreds of years of recognition, scientists have not yet uncovered exactly how it works. However, a new study from the University of Colorado at Boulder has made discoveries that shed new light on the subject. “We're still learning a lot about the critical ingredients of placebo effects,” senior author CU-Boulder Associate Professor Tor Wager said in a press release....

hot flashes smoking

Could quitting smoking ease hot flashes?

One way for middle-aged women to ease their menopause symptoms may be to put down the cigarettes, as a new study from the University of Illinois has found that former smokers tend to experience fewer and less severe hot flashes. According to Reuters, females who had not smoked for at least five years were 45 percent less likely to experience frequent or severe hot flashes than current smokers, but that their symptoms were still likely...

sleep memory

A good night’s sleep may help you recall forgotten things

While scientists have already known that sleep can protect memories from being forgotten, a new study from researchers from the University of Exeter and the Basque Centre for Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL) have found that it could also help people remember things. The study, published this past weekend in the journal Cortex, found that following a good night’s sleep, people are more likely to remember facts they could not recall while awake. This marks...

Aerial View of Lagos, Nigeria

Nigeria marks one year anniversary of last polio case

Friday marked the one year anniversary of the last reported case of endemic polio in Nigeria, bringing the incurable, highly-infectious disease one step closer to total global eradication. Polio, which targets a person’s nervous system and can cause paralysis, has been eradicated in the US for several decades thanks to the efforts of Dr. Jonas Salk and Dr. Albert Sabin, but as Mark Farmer, professor of cellular biology at the University of Georgia, explained in...

stem cell factories

Synthetic substrate may pave way for stem cell factories

Researchers from the University of Nottingham have announced the development of a synthetic substrate that could pave the way for the manufacturing of stem cells on a large scale. According to a new study in the journal Advanced Materials, the novel substrate could provide an off-the-shelf solution for the treatment of severe heart, liver, and brain damage. “The possibilities for regenerative medicine are still being researched in the form of clinical trials,” study author Morgan Alexander,...

canadian fish

Are Canadian fish high on cocaine?

Traces of prescription and illegal drugs have been found in Canadian rivers, and new research from McGill University has found that discharge from wastewater treatment plants may be part of the problem. Originally published in the journal Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, the study shows that while drugs like morphine, cocaine, and oxycodone are found only in limited quantities in Canadian rivers—in this case, the Grand River watershed of southern Ontario—their concentration didn’t decline as water...